By Stanley Wolpert, Stanley A. Wolpert

Domestic to a 5th of the world's inhabitants and the most important democracy on the planet, India holds a trendy position in present occasions but continues to be misunderstood in lots of methods by means of scholars, pros and others who search a unmarried, authoritative resource for info in this very important area. The Encyclopedia of India meets this want, encompassing the heritage, cultures, geography and religions of India from precedent days to the current day. around the 4 volumes of the Encyclopedia, readers are invited to discover India in a complete reference paintings of greater than six hundred alphabetically prepared, illustrated articles. As India's position in international politics and economics keeps to develop, readers will locate the ancient and cultural details contained inside this paintings an necessary software to gaining a better appreciation of India and its position in our glossy international.

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India has also produced scientific administrators who have been instrumental in the research and development institutions of independent India, including M. G. K. Menon, who was educated at the University of Bristol as a cosmic-ray physicist, succeeded Bhabha as the director of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, and served as science adviser to the prime minister in the 1980s. P. K. Iyengar and Raja Ramanna played important roles in India’s first nuclear test in 1974. They were heads of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre and the Indian Atomic Energy Commission successively.

Lost Discoveries: The Ancient Roots of Modern Science—from the Babylonians to the Maya. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2002. Tharoor, Shashi. ” Hindu, 8 June 2003. Wali, Kameshwar C. Chandra. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990. C. These earliest monastic complexes are both freestanding (as at Bha¯rhut) and rock-cut (as at Bha¯ja¯), but in all instances the earliest sculptural decoration is composed mainly of deities and spirits associated with popular religious practices. Along with these images of local deities, who seem to have functioned as guardians, we also occasionally find bas-relief narrative scenes depicting moments from the Buddha’s life, as well as scenes detailing the events of his many past lives, known collectively as Jataka (birth) tales.

V. Raman (1888–1970) and his nephew Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1910–1995). Several notable Indian scientists studied at Cambridge University, England, including Homi Bhabha (1909–1966), Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887–1920), Vikram Sarabhai (1919–1971), Hargobind Khorana (1922–), and Harish Chandra (1923–1983). Jawaharlal Nehru (1889–1964), first prime minister of India, studied natural sciences at Cambridge and was largely responsible for the founding of modern scientific institutions, such as the Indian Institutes of Technology, after Indian independence.

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